Products » Ozone total column (O3)


The operational ozone total column products are generated using the algorithm GDP (GOME Data Processor) version 4.x integrated into the UPAS (Universal Processor for UV/VIS Atmospheric Spectrometers) processor for generating level 2 trace gas and cloud products.
The new improved DOAS-style (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) algorithm called GDOAS, was selected as the basis for GDP version 4.0 in the framework of an ESA ITT.
GDP 4.x performs a DOAS fit for ozone slant column and effective temperature followed by an iterative AMF/VCD computation using a single wavelength. The main improvements compared to GDP 3.0 are:
• Molecular Ring Correction parameterised [M. van Roozendael et al. (2006)]
• On-the-fly RTM simulations using LIDORT v3.3 [R. Spurr (2003)]
• Cloud Correction using OCRA and ROCINN v2.0 [D. Loyola et al. (2007)]
• Intra-Cloud, Sunglint and Snow/Ice Correction [D. Loyola et al. (2011)]
A description of the GDP 4.x algorithm and validation is given in the peer-review papers listed below. For more details see the reference documents listed in the GOME documentation and GOME-2 documentation pages.
The GDP 4.0 algorithm became operational for GOME/ERS-2 in 2004 after an independent geophysical validation [D. Balis et al. (2007)] showed that the average agreement of GDP 4.0 with correlative ozone column measurements was at the "percent level", that is, comparable to the precision level of ground-based sensors. GDP 4.0 became operational for SCIAMACHY/ENVISAT in 2006.
Further algorithm development was performed in the framework of EUMETSAT O3M-SAF where GDP 4.5 is the current operational algorithm for GOME-2/MetOp-A.
Remark: In the region of the Southern Atlantic Anomaly (SAA), the GOME-2 satellite instrument is subject to an increased particle flux which creates spurious signals in individual detectors resulting in a reduced quality of the retrieved GOME-2 trace gas columns, i.e. increased scatter in trace gas columns over South America and the Southern Atlantic.

Scientific Papers


GDP 4.x for total ozone retrieval is being developed by scientists from BIRA, RTS, AUTH and DLR and is funded by ESA, EUMETSAT O3M-SAF and national contributions.
The members of the GDP 4 Team are:
• BIRA: Michel Van Roozendael, Christophe Lerot, Jean-Christopher Lambert
• RTS: Rob Spurr
• AUTH: Dimitris Balis, MariLiza Koukouli
• DLR: Diego Loyola, Pieter Valks, Nan Hao, Walter Zimmer
Special acknowledgments to Claus Zehner (ESA) for supporting the GDP 4 and GDP 5 projects and to Yakov Livschitz (now EUMETSAT) for the initial development of the UPAS system.

For further information please contact:

Diego Loyola, DLR-IMF
E-Mail: Diego.Loyola [at]

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